Manaus is the capital and also biggest city of the state Amazonas in central Brazil. Manaus started off as the Fort of São José do Rio Negro. Manaus officially became a town in 1669 and got the name “Manaus” which means “Mother of the gods”. Around 180 years later in 1848 Manaus became a city but was called “Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro”. Manaus had to wait another 8 years to get it’s name Manaus back which it has kept since then.
Manaus is the gateway to the Amazon, located in the heart of the Amazon jungle it currently has a population of over 1,7 million inhabitants. It attracts many tourists from all over the world who want to experience the Amazon for themselves.
How to get there
- Manaus has a medium sized airport named Eduardo Gomes International Airport (MAO), a lot of international tourists use this airport to get to Manaus for their holiday
- Bridge over the Amazon River – Very recently a large bridge was built over the Amazon River, to connect the city of Manaus to the other side of the river. It is expected that this will dramatically increase the speed of deforestations alongside the road and deeper inside the Amazon rainforest.
‘Meeting of the waters’
Manaus lies exactly at the point two rivers, the Rio Negro and the Solimões river come together. The Rio Negro is as its name suggests a black river, it originates from the northern part of South America. The rotting vegetation gives the water its black colour, because of the high concentration of acid in the water from the rotting plants there are few mosquitoes to be found at these waters. The Rio Negro flows at 2km/h and has a water temperature of 28 degrees Celsius.
The Solimões River originates from the Andes Mountains and is therefore much colder than the Rio Negro. The water has a brownish colour from all the sediments carried by the river. You will find much more mosquitoes near this water but it’s also much more abundant in fish. The Solimões River flows up to 6km/h and has a water temperature of 22 degrees Celsius.
When the two rivers meet they stay separated for many kilometres. This phenomenon can even be seen from outer space.